Though a resume and a curriculum vitae share similarities, they are not the same. Here is the main difference between resume and curriculum vitae.

Right now, 20.5 million Americans are unemployed. This unemployment crisis is even greater than the one during the Great Recession of 2007-2009. Due to the pandemic, the unemployment rate has skyrocketed from 3.8% to 13%.

This means that many Americans are currently searching for a way to make ends meet. As the job search continues, job seekers have to meet application demands and determine the difference between a resume and curriculum vitae. Writing and updating these documents is like a job in itself.

To find out what the difference is and how to write one, check out the guide below.

The Difference Between a Resume and Curriculum Vitae

Different fields require different applications. The difference between a resume and curriculum vitae is essentially the difference between competency and credentials. Some jobs require more credentials, while others just seek out skills.

Let’s examine each document more in-depth.

What Is a Resume?

A resume is a short, concise document reviewing the applicant’s skills, education, achievements, and experience. It can be:

  • chronological
  • functional
  • combined

A Chronological Resume

A chronological resume is organized by work history. This is one of the most common types of resume, beginning with the most recent position.

It’s easy for prospective employers to skim, but it’s not ideal for new workers, those changing careers, or those with employment gaps.

A Functional Resume

A functional resume is centered around skills and experiences. New workers, those changing careers, and those with employment gaps should use this type of resume.

This is a less common type of resume, partially because the format is more difficult to scan. However, if the applicant is concerned about the strength of their chronological work history, it may be necessary.

A Combined Resume

A combined resume is the best of both worlds — it’s both chronological and functional. For applicants who want to highlight their skills while still providing the traditional work history, they can use this format. However, it may be difficult to keep it within one page.

What Is a Curriculum Vitae?

A curriculum vitae (CV) is much more detailed than a resume. It can be several pages long, and it should focus on credentials. This document is usually required for academic or research positions — jobs that require credentials.

Writing a CV

Writing a CV is more complicated than writing a resume, but thankfully there are curriculum vitae templates online.

This document includes personal information, education, credentials, work history, and skills. Although it may seem like it includes everything, it should not include a picture, salary history, or references.

More Job Search Tips

The difference between a resume and curriculum vitae is essential during a job search. Considering that, on average, 118 people apply for the same position, an impressive resume or CV is crucial to getting to the next step of the application process.

For more valuable job seeking tips, make sure to check out the ‘Living’ section of our blog.